Charles and Ray Eames

Charles and Ray Eames - One of the most famous Bauhaus Architects and Designers

Charles and Ray Eames - 1907-1978 Bauhaus Architect and Furniture Designer.

Charles Eames 1907 - 1978
Bauhaus Architects and Furniture Designers

Designer of Bauhaus and Modern Classic Design Furniture

Charles Eames studied architecture at Washington University in St. Louis until 1929. He was already working as an architect when he came into contact with Eliel Saarinen, head of the kommt, dem Leiter der Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, through working on building Meyer House in Huntleigh Village. Friendship with Saarinen's son, Eero Saarinen, would have a formative influence on Eames's subsequent career. In 1938 Eliel Saarinen offered Charles Eames a scholarship to Cranbrook, where Eames studied design and architecture. In 1939 Charles Eames began to teach design at Cranbrook and in 1940 became head of the industrial design department. Together with Eero Saarinen, Charles Eames took part in the "Organic Design in Home Furnishings" competition mounted in 1940 by the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Charles Eames and Eero Saarinen collaborated with Harry Bertoia, Don Albinson, and Ray Kaiser on the designs they submitted to the New York competition. Their main design, an armchair with a seat and back made of a single piece of three-dimensionally shaped plywood, was awarded a prize but turned out to be unsuitable for mass production.
In 1941 Charles Eames divorced his first wife to marry Ray and the couple moved to Los Angeles, where Charles worked as a set designer for MGM Studios and Ray designed covers for "Art & Architecture Magazine". In their own flat, they continued to experiment with the "Kazam! Machine" press on developing an efficient and economical method for molding plywood in three dimensions. In 1942 Charles and Ray Eames founded the Plyformed Wood Company and made splints and stretchers of molded plywood for the US Navy. Financial difficulties forced the Eames to sell the business to the Evans Product Company, where Charles Eames became head of research and development. In 1946 MOMA mounted a retrospective, "New Furniture by Charles Eames", showing prototypes of the plywood furniture designed up to then by Eames's office. They included the "Lounge Chair, Metal (LCM)" and the "Lounge Chair, Wood (LCW)", which is made of several molded wooden elements. The "LCW" was based on a 1940 design and a further development of it with armrests became the prototype of the famously elaborate Lounge Chair "No. 670" with the "No. 671" footstool (1956).
By the 1950s Ray and Charles Eames were also experimenting with fiber glass. They created the revolutionary "Plastic Shell Group" and the elegant curvilinear "La Chaise" chair (1948), which Charles Eames submitted to the MOMA "Low-cost Furniture Design" competition, the "Dining Armchair Rod (DAR)", and the "Rocking Armchair Rod (RAR)" (1948-1950). The year 1958 saw the launch of the Eames "Aluminium Group". The furniture designed by Charles und Ray Eames is made mainly by Herman Miller and Vitra.
His most famous Bauhaus ot design furniture belong the RAR chair, the DAR chair, the office chair or the guest chair Alu Chair EA 108, Alu chair EA 117, Alu chair EA 119 or office chair soft pad EA 206, soft pad EA 208, soft pad EA 216, soft pad EA 217, soft pad EA 219, soft pad EA 222, soft pad EA 223, the office desk from the series Aluminium group, Ellipse table, the wood chair LCW, the recliner seat La Chaise, the plywood chair or table, the conference table of the Alu group series, the steel chair DKR 2 also known as wire chair and the world famous lounge chair. Charles Eames is next to Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe, Eileen Gray and Marcel Breuer as one of the outstanding Bauhaus architects and designers of the Bauhaus era.


The lounge chair is one of the most famous design furniture designs by Charles and Ray Eames. Other Bauhaus furniture or design classics are the alu chair, the lounger la chaise, the office chair soft pad, the chairs DAR, RAR, as well as the Wire Chair.






Designer from A - Z

A
Achille Castiglioni
Alvar Aalto
Arne Jacobsen
B
Harry Bertoia
Marcel Breuer
Otto Blümel
C
Achille Castiglioni
Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Charles und Ray Eames
Le Corbusier
D
Michele De Lucchi
E
Eero Saarinen
Egon Eiermann
Eileen Gray
Charles und Ray Eames
F
Frank Lloyd Wright
G
George Nelson
Eileen Gray
H
Harry Bertoia
I
Isamu Noguchi
J
Arne Jacobsen
K
Poul Kjaerholm
L
Le Corbusier
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
M
Michele De Lucchi
Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Marcel Breuer
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Mart Stam
N
George Nelson
Isamu Noguchi
O
Otto Blümel
P
Philippe Starck
Poul Kjaerholm
Verner Panton
R
Richard Sapper
Gerrit Rietveld
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
S
Richard Sapper
The Shakers
Philippe Starck
Mart Stam
T
Michael Thonet
V
Verner Panton
W
Walter Gropius
Wilhelm Wagenfeld
Frank Lloyd Wright